Alternative energy: energy from an uncommon resource, such as wind or solar power
Bioaccumulation: the build up of toxins in an organic organism
Biodegradable: can be broken down by natural processes
Compostable: object that can be broken down into water, carbon dioxide and natural biomass, leaving no toxins behind
Conservation: the preservation, restoration, or protection of the planet’s natural resources and ecosystem
Deforestation: cutting down large amounts of trees in one area
Degradable: an object that will somewhat break down over time, but not necessarily by a natural process
Eco-tours: tours to places with undisturbed natural resources. The goal of these tours is to teach people about the environment while having very little impact on nature.
Endangered species: a species at risk of becoming extinct
Extinct: no longer exists on earth
Fossil fuels: bits of fossil materials that can be burned to produce energy (petroleum, natural gas, coal)
Greenhouse effect: gasses trap heat in the earth’s atmosphere, causing the temperature of the entire planet to rise
Hydropower: power generated by the flow of moving water
Idling: a car is stopped but the engine is still running, producing greenhouse gases
Jute: shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into a strong, biodegradable thread
Keystone species: a species that plays a critical role in an ecosystem’s population
Leachate: rainwater and other liquid that comes from garbage
Marine debris: any man-made object discarded, disposed of or abandoned that enters the marine environment
Natural resource: materials found in nature
Organic: any living thing or any product produced by living things
Ozone layer: a form of oxygen gas that comes together in the earth’s upper atmosphere and shields us from too much exposure to ultraviolet light
Pollutants: any substance that causes air, water, or land to be impure
Queen bee: responsible for laying ALL of the eggs for a bee hive. These eggs will grow up to be the worker bees that pollinate the food we eat and the flowers we love. Without a queen, a hive cannot survive.
Renewable energy: energy from natural resources that will never run out, such as the wind, the sun, the waves
Solar power: power generated by the energy of the sun.
Sustainability: to keep in existence
Threatened species: a species likely to become endangered if nothing is done to improve its status
Upcycling: waste materials being used to make new materials (example: making a leather bracelet from an old belt)
Vermicomposting: composting organic materials using earthworms
Wind power: using large propellers to generate energy from the wind and create electricity
Xeriscaping: creative landscaping or gardening that saves water using drought-resistant plants and decreases soil erosion by using natural drainage patterns
Yellowstone National Park: the first national park and the greatest conservation success story in history.
Zero waste: an idea and philosophy that promotes complete sustainability of a resource, and reducing the amount of packaging and waste we use. Zero waste ideas look to lessen the amount of things going to landfills and creating products that can be reused.
Check out this awesome website for some great ECO-vocabulary! Planet Pals